Human Migration

Migration is the movement of people from one geographical location to another with the intention of permanently or temporarily settling at a new location. The movement is generally over long distances, most often from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible. Migration movement may be voluntary or involuntary.

Migration is different from immigration. Immigration refers to the relocation to a country. Migration, on the other hand, refers to the movement from one region to another.

People migrate for various reasons. The most common reasons are for greater economic and better education opportunities. However, others move to escape conflict, terrorism, persecution, and human rights violations. Throughout history, people have moved as a result of natural disasters and environmental factors.

In 2018, the total number of displaced people in the world hit a record 70 million people.